Khoo Ee Ming

Current Research & Scholarly Interests

My research revolved around the study of chronic diseases as well as infectious diseases. Besides that, I also produce work on preventative medicine and men’s health.

Past Published Research

Syed A, Zuraidah MD, Ng CJ, Lee YK, Khoo EM, Lee PY, Lim Abdullah K and Zainal A. “Using a patient decision aid for insulin initiation in patients with type 2 diabetes: a qualitative analysis of doctor-patient conversations in primary care consultations in Malaysia.” BMJ Open 2017;7(5):e014260.

Chin MC, Sivasampu S, Khoo EM. Prescription of oral short-acting beta 2-agonist for asthma in non-resource poor settings: A national study in Malaysia. PLoS ONE 2017;12(6):e0180443.

Azainorsuzila A, Khoo EM. Asthma Control and Care Among Malaysian Primary School Children: A Cross Sectional Study. Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health 2017;29(5):422-429

Lee YK, Lee PY, Ng CJ, Teo CH, Abu Bakar AI, Khatijah A, Khoo EM, Hanafi NS, Low WY, Chiew TK. Usability and utility evaluation of the web-based “Should I Start Insulin?” patient decision aid for patients with type 2 diabetes among older people. Informatics for Health and Social Care 2017:1-11 DOI: 10.1080/17538157.2016.1269108

Lim HM, Sheamini S, Khoo EM, Mohamad Noh K. Chasm in Primary Care Provision in a Universal Health System: Findings from a Nationally Representative Survey of Health Facilities in Malaysia. PLoS ONE 2017;12(2):e0172229. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0172229

Cheong AT, Liew SM, Khoo EM, Mohd Zaidi NF, Chinna K. Are interventions to increase the uptake of screening for cardiovascular disease risk factors effective? A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Family Practice 2017;18:4 DOI 10.1186/s12875-016-0579-8

Cheong AT, Khoo EM, Tong SF, Liew SM. To Check or Not to Check? A Qualitative Study on How the Public Decides on Health Checks for Cardiovascular Risk Prevention. Plos ONE 2016;11(7):e0159438.

Liew SM, Khoo EM, Ho BK, Lee YK, Omar M, Ayadurai V, et al. Dengue in Malaysia: Factors Associated with Dengue Mortality from a National Registry. PLoS ONE 2016;11(6):e0157631. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0157631

Rahman NA, Sivasampu S, Mohamad Noh K, Khoo EM. Health profiles of foreigners attending primary care clinics in Malaysia. BMC Health Services Research 2016;16:197. DOI 10.1186/s12913-016-1444-0

Hanafi NS, Abdullah A, Lee PY, Liew SM, Chia YC, Khoo EM. Personal continuity of care in a university-based primary care practice: Impact on blood pressure control. PLoS ONE 2015;10(7):e0134030. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0134030

Lee PY, Khoo EM, Low WY, Lee YK, Abdullah KL, Azmi SA, Ng CJ. Mismatch between health- care professionals and patients views on a diabetes patient decision aid: A qualitative study. Health Expectations. 2015;19(2):427-436. doi:10.1111/hex.12366

Tan HM, Low WY, Tong SF, Haniff J, Appannah G, Lee VKM, Khoo EM, Ng CJ, Ho CCK. Aging Male Symptoms Scale (AMS) For Health- related Quality of Life in Aing Men: Translation and Adaptation in Malay. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine 2015;15(2):17-23.

Lim KK, Sivasampu S, Khoo EM. Antihypertensive Drugs for the Older Patients: A Cross Sectional Study. Singapore Medical Journal 2015;56(5):291-297. doi: 10.11622/smedj.2015019

Khoo EM, Cheong AT, Liew SM, Lee WK, Azah AS, Mohd Hanafiah AN, Sararaks S. The Changing Face of Primary Care: A Cross Sectional Study in Malaysia. Sains Malaysiana. 2015;44(5):741-746.

Mat S, Tan PJ, Ng CT, Fadzli F, Rozalli FI, Khoo EM, Hill KD, Tan MP. Mild Joint Symptoms Are Associated with Lower Risk of Falls than Asymptomatic Individuals with Radiological Evidence of Osteoarthritis. PLoS ONE 2015;10(10):e0141368. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0141368

Liew SM, Khoo EM, Ho BK, Lee YK, Mimi O, Fazlina MY, Asmah R, Lee WK, Harmy MY, Chinna K, Jiloris FD. Tuberculosis in Malaysia: predictors of treatment outcomes in a national registry. INT J TUBERC LUNG DIS 2015;19(7):764-771

Lee PY, Liew SM, Abdullah A, Abdullah N, Ng CJ, Hanafi NS, Chia YC, Lai PS, Wong SS, Khoo EM. Healthcare professionals’ and policy makers’ views on implementing a clinical practice guideline of hypertension management: a qualitative study. PLoS ONE 2015;10(5):e0126191. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0126191

Wong SSL, Lee PY, Ng CJ, Hanafi NS, Chia YC, Lai PSM, Liew SM, Khoo EM. Are doctors assessing patients with hypertension appropriately at their initial presentation? Singapore Med J 2015;56(9):518- 522. doi:10.11622/smedj.2015137

Khoo EM, Sararaks S, Lee WK, Liew SM, Cheong AT, Azah AS, Maskon K, Maimunah AH. Reducing medical errors in primary care using a pragmatic complex intervention. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health 2015;27(6):670 677. DOI:10.1177/1010539514564007

Wong SSL, Abdullah N, Abdullah A, Liew SM, Ching SM, Khoo EM, Jiwa M, Chia YC. Unmet needs of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): a qualitative study on patients and doctors. BMC Family Practice 2014;15:67. doi:10.1186/1471-2296-15-67

Tong SF, Khoo EM, Low WY, Ng CJ, Wong CH, Mohd Yusoff H, Abu Bakar AI, Tan HM, Jiwa M. Health innovation project: A concept paper on virtual health promotion program for men. J Men Health 2014;11(1):4-9. DOI: 10.1089/jomh.2013.0020

Lee PY, Lee YK, Khoo EM, Ng CJ. How do healthcare professionals assess patients when initiating insulin therapy? A qualitative study. Primary Care Diabetes 2014;8:49-55.

Liew SM, Lee PY, Hanafi NS, Ng CJ, Wong SSL, Chia YC, Lai PSM, Mohd Zaidi NF, Khoo EM. Statins use is associated with poorer glycaemic control in a cohort of hypertensive patients with diabetes and without diabetes. Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome 2014;6:53.

Ramdzan SN, Liew SM, Khoo EM. Unintentional injury and its prevention in infant: knowledge and self-reported practices of main caregivers. BMC Pediatrics 2014;14:132. DOI:10.1186/1471- 2431-14-132

Tan PJ, Khoo EM, Chinna K, Hill KD, Poi PJH, Tan MP. An Individually-Tailored Multifactorial Intervention Program for Older Fallers in a Middle-Income Developing Country: the Malaysian Falls Assessment and Intervention Trial (MyFAIT). BMC Geriatrics 2014;14:78

Tan WS, Low WY, Ng CJ, Tan WK, Tong SF, Ho C, Khoo EM, Lee G, Lee BC, Lee V, Tan HM. Efficacy and safety of long- acting intramuscular testosterone undecanoate in aging men: a randomised controlled study. BJU International. 2013;111:1130-1140. doi:10.1111/bju.12037

Cheong AT, Tong SF, Khoo EM. How Useful is a history of rubella vaccination for determination of disease susceptibility? A cross- sectional study at a public funded health clinics in Malaysia. BMC Family Practice 2013;14:19 doi:10.1186/1471- 2296-14-19

Wong YL, Chinna K, Mariapun J, Wong LP, Khoo EM, Low WY, Shuib R. Correlates between risk perceptions of cervial cancer and screening practice. Preventive Medicine 2013;57:S24-S26

Lee YK, Ng CJ, Lee PY, Khoo EM, Khatijah LA, Low WY, Samad AA, Chen WS. What are the barriers faced by patients using insulin? A qualitative study of Malaysian healthcare professionals’ view. Patient Preference and Adherence 2013;7:103-109. DOI:

Tong SF, Khoo EM, Nordin S, Teng CL, Lee VKM, Zailinawati AH, Chen WS, Mimi O. Process of care and prescribing practices for hypertension in public and private primary care clinics in Malaysia. Asia Pac J Public Health 2012;24(5):764-775. DOI: 10.1177/1010539511402190.

Jiwa M, Othman S, Hanafi NS, Ng CJ, Khoo EM, Chia YC. Healthcare in Asia: A perspective from primary care at the gateway to a continent. Quality in primary care 2012;20(5):317-20.

Breen E, Pemmulu I, Ong DSH, Sekaran SD, Appana P, Tew TH, Khoo EM, Pillans L, Ismail NA, Omar SFS, Ponnampalavanar S, Vhimaleshwaria R, Lum LCS. Early predictors of dengue infection in adults (EPOD) A Malaysian outpatient experience. Dengue Bulletin 2012;36:105-115

Tong SF, Ng CJ, Lee BC, Lee VKM, Khoo EM, Lee EG, Tan HM. Effect of Long- Acting Testosterone Undecanoate Treatment on Quality of Life in men with Testosterone Deficiency Syndrome: A Double Blind Randomised Controlled Trial. Asian Journal of Andrology 2012;14:604-611. doi:10.1038/aja.2011.178

Ho CCK, Tong SF, Low WY, Ng CJ, Khoo EM, Lee VKM, Md Zainuddin Z, Tan HM. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial on the effect of long-acting testosterone treatment as assessed by the Aging Male Symptoms Scale. BJU Int. 2012;110(2):260-5. DOI: 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2011.10755.x

Khoo EM, Mathers N, McCarthy SA, Low WY. Somatisation disorder and its associated factors in multiethnic primary care clinic attenders. Int J Beh Med 2012;19(2):165-73. DOI 10.1007/s12529-011-9164-7

Low WY, Binns C, Mahmud ABA, Khoo EM, Wong YL, Koshy J. The Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health Celebrates 25 Years. Asia Pac J Public Health 2012;24(5):729-732. DOI:10.1177/1010539512462507

Khoo EM, Lee WK, Sararaks S, Abdul Samad A, Liew SM, Cheong AT, Ibrahim MY, Su SHC, Mohd Hanafiah AN, Maskon K, Ismail R, Hamid MA. Medical errors in primary care clinics – a cross sectional study. BMC Family Practice 2012;13:127 doi:10.1186/1471-2296-13-127

Chew BH, Khoo EM, Chia YC. Social Support and Glycaemic Control in adult patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Asia Pac J Public Health 2011;27(2):NP166-173. doi: 10.1177/1010539511431300.

Tan WS, Ng CJ, Khoo EM, Low WY, Tan HM. The triad of erectile dysfunction, testosterone deficiency syndrome and metabolic syndrome: findings from a multi-ethnic Asian men study (The Subang Men s Health Study). The Aging Male 2011;14(4):231-236. DOI: 10.3109/13685538.2011.597463

Chew BH, Khoo EM, Chia YC. Does religious affiliation influence glycaemic control in primary care patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus? Mental Health in Family Medicine 2011;8(1):21-28

Teng CL, Tong SF, Khoo EM, Lee V, Zailinawati AH, Mimi O, Chen WS, Nordin S. Antibiotics for URTI and UTI – prescribing in Malaysian primary care settings. Aust Fam Physician 2011;40(5):325-9.

Chew BH, Khoo EM, Chia YC. Quality of Care for Adult Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus at a University Primary Care Centre in Malaysia. International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine & Public Health 2011;3(6):439-449. (IJCRIMPH)

Tan WS, Yun LW, Ng CJ, Khoo EM, Ho ELM, Tan HM. Overactive bladder (OAB) and its association with prostatic parameters. Journal of Men’s Health 2011;8:S71-S74

Wong LP, Khoo EM. Menstrual-Related Attitudes and Symptoms Among Multi-racial Asian Adolescent Females. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2011;18(3):246-253. DOI 10.1007/s12529-010-9091-z

Tang WS, Khoo EM. Prevalence and correlates of premature ejaculation in a primary care setting: A preliminary cross sectional study. J Sex Med 2011;8:2071-2078. DOI: 10.1111/j.1743-6109.2011.02280.x

Mimi O, Tong SF, Nordin S, Teng CL, Khoo EM, Kareem ARA, Zailinawati AH, Lee VKM, Chen WS, Shihabudin WM, Noridah MS, Fauziah ZE. A comparison of morbidity patterns in public and private primary care clinics in Malaysia. Malaysian Family Physician 2011;6(1):19-25

Subashini A, Khoo EM, Hanafi NS. Chronic Pain in Primary Care Attenders: Severity and Level of Expressed Need. Malaysian Family Physician 2011;6:1

Wong LP, Khoo EM. Dysmenorrhea in a multiethnic population of adolescent Asian girls. Int J Gynecol Obstet 2008;108(2):139-142 doi:10.1016

Chia YC, Yeoh ES, Ng CJ, Khoo EM, Chua CT. Efficacy and tolerability of lercanadipine in mild to moderate hypertension among Asians of different ethnic groups. Singapore Med J 2009;50(5):500-505

Wong LP, Wong YL, Low WY, Khoo EM, Shuib R. Knowledge and awareness of cervical cancer and screening among Malaysian women who have never had a pap smear: A qualitative study. Singapore Med J 2009;50(1):49-53

Cheong AT, Khoo EM. Missing An Osteoporotic Vertebral Fracture. Malaysian Family Physician 2009;4(1):33-36

Cheong AT, Khoo EM. Prevalence of Rubella Susceptibility among Pregnant Mothers in a Community- based Antenatal Clinic in Malaysia: A cross sectional study. APJPH 2008;20(4):340-346

Liew SM, Khoo EM, Chia YC, Lee VKM. Expectations of doctors treating hypertension – Points to ponder. Journal of Hypertension 2008;26:S59-S60.

Khoo EM, Tan HM, Low WY. Erectile Dysfunction and Comorbidities in Aging Men: An Urban Cross-Sectional Study in Malaysia. J Sex Med 2008;5:2925-2934

Wong LP, Wong YL, Low WY, Khoo EM, Shuib R. Cervical cancer screening attitudes and beliefs of Malaysian Women who have never had a pap smear: A qualitative study. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2008;15:289-292

Rabia K, Khoo EM. A mentally retarded patient with schizophrenia. Malaysian Family Physician 2008;3(3):146-150

Khoo EM. Teaching methods used in primary care. Malaysian Family Physician2008;3(1):42-44

Rabia K, Khoo EM. Is Edinburgh Claudication Questionnaire a good screening tool for detection of peripheral arterial disease in diabetic patients? Asia Pac Fam Med 2007;6(1) e-journal afm54.htm

Ng CJ, Khoo EM. A primary care experience of open access to exercise stress test. Med J Malaysia 2007;62(3):241-244

Rabia K, Khoo EM. Peripheral arterial disease in general and diabetic population. Med J Malaysia 2007;62(2):182-185.

Rabia K, Khoo EM. Recurrent stroke: what have we learnt? Malaysian Family Physician 2007;2(2):70-73

Khoo EM, Teoh KS. The effective teacher. Malaysian Family Physician 2007;2(3):123-124

Rabia K, Khoo EM. Prevalence of peripheral arterial disease in patients with diabetes mellitus in a primary care setting. Med J Malaysia 2007;62(2):130-133.

Teng CL, Khoo EM. Malaysian biomedical journals on the web. Malaysian Family Physician 2007;2(1):15-6

Low WY, Khoo EM, Tan HM. Health, Lifestyles and Social Support of Ageing Men. Asia Pac J Public Health 2006;18(suppl):54-59

Low WY, Khoo EM, Tan HM, Hew FL, Teoh SH. Depression, Hormonal Status and Erectile Dysfunction in the Aging Male: Results from a Community Study in Malaysia. The Journal of Men’s Health and Gender 2006;3(3):263-270

Khoo EM. How to write a journal paper? Malaysian Family Physician 2006;1(2&3):86-87

Khoo EM. Looking forward: views from the academia. Malaysian Family Physician 2006;1(1):5

Rabia K, Khoo EM. A case of metabolic syndrome. Malaysian Family Physician 2006;1(2&3):58-61

Chan GC, Ghazali O, Khoo EM. Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Is It In Accordance With the Guidelines? Med J Malaysia 2005;60(5):578-84

Khoo EM. Research questions and research objectives. The Family Physician 2005;13(3):22-3

Vinothini A, Khoo EM, Adeeba K. Knowledge of HIV/AIDs in among pregnant women in an urban health clinic – a preliminary study. The Family Physician 2005;13(1&2):10-15

Khoo EM. Editorial: Primary Care Research. The Family Physician 2005;13(1&2):1

Lee PY, Khoo EM. How well were asthmatic patients educated about their asthma? A study at the emergency department. Asia Pac J Public Health 2004;16(1):45-49

Khoo EM, Teng CL, Wong KC. Are doctors in the university-based primary care clinic more evidence-based? Med J Malaysia 2004;59(1):129

Mathers N, Khoo EM, McCarthy S, Thompson J, Low WY. Definitions of somatisation and cultural influences. Br J Gen Pract 2003;53:409

Lee PY, Khoo EM. Asthma Control and Prior Medical Care of Patients Presented with Acute Asthma At The Emergency Department. Med J Malaysia 2003;58(4):482-489

Khoo EM, Kidd MR. Primary Health Care and General Practice A Comparison Between Australia and Malaysia. Asia Pac J Public Health 2002;14(2):59-63.

Teng CL, Shajahan Y, Khoo EM, Nurjahan I, Leong KC, Yap TG. The Management of Upper Respiratory Tract Infections. Med J Malaysia 2001;56(2):260-66.

Khoo EM. A comparative study on the service profiles and practice facilities among urban general practices in East and West Malaysia. Med J Malaysia 2000;55(3):341-46

Khoo EM, Tan CPL. Profiles of General Practices in Malaysia. Asia Pac J Public Health 1998;10(2):88-93

Khoo EM. Eczema. The Family Physician 1997;10(1):22-24.

Khoo EM. Breast Cancer Prevention. The Family Physician 1996;8(1&2):3-7.

Khoo EM. Cervical Cancer Prevention. The Family Physician 1996;8(1&2):8-10

Khoo EM, Goh TK. Profile of the General Practices Participating in the Undergraduate Teaching Programme of the University of Malaya. Med J Malaysia 1996;51(3):365-71.